Director

Prof. Dr. Arno Villringer
Prof. Dr. Arno Villringer
Director
Phone: +49 341 9940-2220
Fax: +49 341 9940-2221

Secretariat

Cornelia Ketscher
Personal assistant, Equal opportunities officer
Phone: +49 341 9940-2219
Fax: +49 341 9940-2221
Birgit Mittag
Personal assistant
Phone: +49 341 9940-2220
Fax: +49 341 9940-2221

Latest Thinking – Unlocking frontier research

Arno Villringer: How Can Functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging Help Detect, Visualize, and Treat Strokes?

The idea: Complicated stuff needs to be explained. In Latest Thinking, the researchers personally explain their latest insights into the realities of life.

Department of Neurology

Research in the department of neurology focusses on the development of vascular risk factors leading to stroke and functional recovery after stroke. We pursue the hypothesis that our behavior and concomitant brain plasticity are crucial for the development of risk factors as well as for the recovery after stroke.

Specifically, we aim at an understanding of

  • behavioral, emotional, and neural underpinnings of the vascular risk factors hypertension and obesity and the subsequent development towards brain damage & stroke,
  • the effect of brain lesions (e.g., stroke) on brain architecture (networks) and function,
  • mechanisms of (re-) learning and associated brain plasticity after stroke particularly in the sensorimotor domain and language.

Our translational goals are to improve stroke prevention and recovery from stroke.

In order to achieve those goals, we employ behavioral approaches as well as techniques to assess and modulate neural structure and function in both, healthy subjects, and patients with neurological disorders. 
Behavioral assessment includes neuropsychological testing batteries, questionnaires and tasks which assess emotional behavior, emotion regulation and stress, motor function (e.g., with a robot based), balancing, as well as smell and gustatory testing.

Neural assessment includes structural and functional brain imaging at 3 Tesla and 7 Tesla human MRI systems, up to 128 channel EEG systems (including EEG-fMRI equipment), MEG, and multichannel fNIRS.

For neuromodulation, we use various protocols of transcranial direct current stimulation (TDCS) including transcranial alternating current stimulation (TACS), transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS), and also brain computer interface (BCI). Recently – together with Professor Andreas Melzer from ICCAS at University Hospital Leipzig and the Fraunhofer Institute in St. Ingbert (Steffen Tretbar), we initiated a methodological project for the development of “Low Intensity Focused Ultrasound Pulsation” as a method for non-invasive brain stimulation.

As illustrated in the figure the groups can be roughly allocated to the three main research areas "risk factors", "recovery", and "mechanisms".

  • Click HERE to see all groups in figure.

  • A table listing all groups with some additional info is given HERE

  • A list of recent selected publication you find HERE, all publications HERE.

 
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