CBS Open Science Day

May 23, 2019

Organized by: Blazej Baczkowski, Saskia Helbling, Lieneke Janssen, Ilona Lipp, Romy Lorenz, Sandra Martin, Maria MorozovaKarina Näthe, Birgit Nierula, Maria Paerisch, Mariella Paul, Lina Schaare, Cornelia van Scherpenberg


9:00 - 9:15 Introduction
9:15 - 10:00 Keynote lecture Corina Logan
Coffee (20 min) Via Toni
10:20 - 12:15 In-depth session: "Pregistration and registered reports"
10:20 - 11:05 Keynote lecture Julia Rohrer
11:05 - 11:25 Experience talk Oliver Genschow
11:25 - 11:45 Experience talk Xenia Schmalz
11:45 - 12:15 Q&A All speakers in this session
Lunch (60 min) Via Toni
13:15 - 14:00 Open data Dirk Ostwald
14:00 – 14:45 Open stats Felix Schönbrodt
Coffee (20 min) Via Toni
15:05 - 15:50 Open access Karina Näthe
15:55 - 17:00 Panel discussion All speakers
Sabrina Walter
17:00 - 17:15 Wrap up
Dinner & Drinks On own expenses



How to improve the value of your research

Dr. Corina Logan, Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology, Leipzig

There is a desperate need to reform the production and dissemination of scholarly outputs to increase transparency, reproducibility, timeliness, and academic rigor. Evidence suggests that open practices actually help researchers rather than hinder them. I will discuss what researchers are doing to address these issues by sharing ways to facilitate higher quality research and tackle biases in this rapidly changing world of academia and scholarly publishing.

In-depth session: "Preregistration and registered reports":

Tackling bias with preregistration and registered reports

Julia Rohrer, M.Sc., Max Planck Institute for Human Development, Berlin

Within only a few years, preregistration and registered reports have gained immense popularity. This talk will cover the benefits of these practices for both the scientific community and for individual researchers, but also limitations and practical concerns:  What are the potential pitfalls? Which types of research is preregistration suited for? And what options are available to researchers?.

Experience talks

Dr. Oliver Genschow, Social Cognition Center Cologne, University of Cologne

Dr. Xenia Schmalz, Department of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, LMU Munich

Sustainability and transparency in computational cognitive neuroscience

Prof. Dr. Dirk Ostwald, Center for Cognitive Neuroscience Berlin, Free University Berlin

In this talk, I will discuss open science practices that aim to foster sustainability and transparency in computational cognitive neuroscience. First, I will review recent community efforts that aim to ease data sharing and analytical reproducibility, such as the reports of the OHBM Committees on Best Practice in Data Analysis and Sharing (COBIDAS) and the Brain Imaging Data Structures (BIDS). Second, I will discuss neuroimaging data sharing strategies in the light of ethical and legal constraints, such as the European General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR). Finally, I will discuss some common-sense guidelines for day-to-day research practice that aim to maximize the societal impact of computational cognitive neuroscience.

Learn to p-hack like the pros!

PD Dr. Felix Schönbrodt, Department of Psychology, Psychological Methods and Assessment, LMU Munich

The replication crisis has hit several scientific fields. The most systematic investigation has been done in psychology, which revealed replication rates less than 40% (Open Science Collaboration, 2015). However, the same problem has been well documented in other disciplines, for example preclinical cancer research or economics. It has been argued that one reason for the high prevalence of false-positive findings is the application of "creative" data analysis techniques that allow to present nearly any noise as significant. Researchers who use such techniques, also called "p-hacking" or "questionable research practices", have higher chances of getting things published. What is the consequence? The answer is clear. Everybody should be equipped with these powerful tools of research enhancement. This talk covers the most commonly applied p-hacking tools, and shows which work best to enhance your research output: “If you torture the data long enough, it will confess!”. But be careful: Recently developed tools allow the detection of p-hacking. The talk also covers some ideas how to overcome the replication crisis.

Introduction to Open Access at MPS

Karina Näthe, Max Planck Institute for Human Cognitive and Brain Sciences, Leipzig

This introductory session aims to give background information about open access publishing in the Max Planck Society and our Institute. Basic information about the golden and green route to open access will be provided. All central agreements and further related terms and conditions for Max Planck authors will be explained. As a very important outcome the session should start a discussion what kind of services related to open access publishing is missing at the Institute and could possibly part of the library services. Establishing an open access policy is a conceivable objective.

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